TPMS: General Motors/Chevrolet Colorado and Canyon, 2006-12

SUBJECT VEHICLES: 2006-2012 GM/Chevy Colorado and Canyon.



The tire vigour monitoring complement (TPMS) notifies a motorist when a poignant detriment of tire vigour occurs in any of a 4 tires. The complement uses a powertrain control procession (PCM), physique control procession (BCM), instrument row cluster (IPC), motorist information core ( DIC), a radio magnitude (RF) transmitting vigour sensor in any wheel/tire assembly, and a sequence information circuit to perform a complement functions.

When a car is still a sensor’s middle hurl switches are open, that puts a sensors into still mode. In this mode a sensors broadcast once any 60 mins to minimize sensor battery consumption. As car speed increases, centrifugal force closes a sensor’s middle hurl switches causing a sensors to go into expostulate mode. In this mode a sensors broadcast once any 60 seconds. The BCM receives and translates a information contained in any sensor’s RF delivery into sensor presence, sensor mode, and tire pressure.

NOTE: The sensors vigour correctness from -10 to +70 degrees Celsius is ±7 kPa. The BCM has a ability to detect malfunctions within a TPMS.

TPMS warning indicators

When a TPMS detects a poignant detriment of tire pressure, a CHECK TIRE PRESSURE summary is displayed on a DIC and a low tire vigour indicator is displayed on a IPC. Both a summary and indicator can be privileged by adjusting a tires to their endorsed pressures. The TPMS warns a motorist when a poignant detriment of tire vigour occurs in any of a 4 tires, and allows a motorist to arrangement a sold tire pressures and their locations on a DIC while a car is being driven. Any malfunction rescued will means a DIC to arrangement a SERVICE TIRE MONITOR message.

Reset procedures

NOTE: When a wheels have been rotated, or a tire vigour sensor has been replaced, retrain a tire vigour sensor.

NOTE: Once a TPMS learn mode has been enabled, any of a sensors’ singular marker (ID) codes can be schooled into a BCM memory. When a sensor ID has been learned, a BCM sounds a horn chirp. This verifies a sensor has transmitted a ID and a BCM has perceived and schooled it. The BCM contingency learn a sensor IDs in a scold sequence to establish scold sensor location. The initial schooled ID is reserved to a left front, a second to right front, a third to right back and a fourth to a left rear.

NOTE: Sensor functions regulating a indicate apparatus — Each sensor has an middle low magnitude (LF) coil. When a apparatus is used in activate mode it produces an LF delivery that activates a sensor. The sensor responds to an LF activation by transmitting in learn mode.

When a BCM receives a learn mode delivery while in a TPMS learn mode, it will allot that sensor ID to a plcae on a car relations to a sequence in that it was learned.

NOTE: Sensor functions regulating vigour increase/decrease process — Each sensor takes a vigour dimensions representation once any 30 seconds while in still mode. If a tire vigour increases or decreases by some-more than 8.3 kPa (1.2 psi) from a final vigour measurement, another dimensions will start immediately to determine a change in pressure. If a vigour change has indeed occurred, a sensor transmits in re-measure mode. When a BCM receives a re-measure mode delivery while in TPMS learn mode, it will allot that sensor ID to a plcae on a car relations to a sequence in that it was learned.

NOTE: Learn mode termination — The learn mode will cancel if a ignition is cycled to OFF or if some-more than dual mins has elapsed for any sensor that has not been learned. If a learn mode is cancelled before a initial sensor is learned, a strange sensor IDs will be maintained. If a learn mode is canceled for any reason after a initial sensor is learned, all IDs are erased from a BCM memory and if equipped, a DIC will arrangement dashes for tire pressures.

WARNING: Stray signals from other TPMS-equipped vehicles only pushing by can be inadvertently learned. If any pointless horn chirps are listened from a car while behaving a learn procedure, many expected a wandering sensor has been schooled and a procession will need to be cancelled and repeated. Under these circumstances, behaving a TPMS learn procession divided from other vehicles would be rarely recommended.

NOTE: In a eventuality a sold sensor activation does not means a horn to chirp, it might be required to stagger a circle valve branch to a opposite position due to a sensor vigilance is being blocked by another component. Before move with a stairs below, determine a following:

  • No other sensor learn procession is being achieved concurrently within tighten proximity.
  • Tire pressures are not being practiced on another TPMS-equipped car within tighten proximity.
  • Park stop and conduct flare switch submit parameters are functioning correctly.

1) Turn ON a ignition, with a engine OFF.

2) Apply a parking brake.

3) Turn a headlight switch from OFF to parking lamps 4 times within 4 seconds. A horn hail will sound and a low tire vigour indicator will start to peep indicating a learn mode has been enabled.

4) Starting with a left front tire, learn a tire vigour regulating one of a following methods:

  • Method 1: Hold a receiver of a apparatus opposite a tire sidewall tighten to a circle edge during a valve branch plcae afterwards press and recover a activate symbol and wait for a horn chirp.
  • Method 2: Increase/decrease a tire vigour for 8 to 10 seconds afterwards wait for a horn chirp. The horn hail might start before or adult to 30 seconds after a 8 to 10 second vigour increase/decrease time duration has been reached.

5) After a horn hail has sounded, repeat a procession for a remaining 3 sensors in a following order: right front, right rear, left rear.

6) After a LR sensor has been learned, a horn hail will sound indicating all sensors have been learned.

7) Turn OFF a ignition to exit a learn mode.

8) After a learn mode has been exited, adjust all tires to a endorsed pressures.

Demounting/mounting procedures

CAUTION: The tire should be demounted from a circle regulating a tire changer manufacturer’s instructions. Use a following information to equivocate repairs during a demounting/mounting procedures.

NOTE: If a vehicle’s tires are transposed with those not carrying a TPC spec number, a TPMS might give an false low vigour warning. Non-TPC spec tires might give a low vigour warning that is aloft or reduce than a scold warning turn achieved by TPC spec numbered tires.

NOTE: When a wheels have been rotated, or a tire vigour sensor has been replaced, retrain tire vigour sensor. See reset procedures.

Tire vigour sensor

CAUTION: DO NOT inject any tire glass or aerosol tire sealant into a tires, as this might means a malfunction of a tire vigour sensors.

If any tire sealant is remarkable on tire demounting, reinstate a sensor.

Also mislay all residual glass sealant from a inside of a tire and circle surfaces.

Figure 1: Exploded perspective of a tire vigour sensor.


1) Raise a car on a suitable support. Remove a tire/wheel public from a vehicle.

2) Demount a tire from a circle following a tire changer manufacturer’s instructions while profitable special courtesy to a following to equivocate deleterious tire vigour sensor:

  • Place a sensor’s top and valve on a dry, purify aspect after removal. The top is aluminum and a valve is nickel-plated to forestall corrosion. DO NOT surrogate a top or valve done of any other material.
  • Position a stone violation tie 90 degrees from valve branch when separating a tire stone from a wheel.
  • Position a mounting/demounting conduct so a tire iron can be extrinsic somewhat clockwise of a sensor physique when meddling tire stone adult and over a mounting/demounting head.
  • Using a tire machine, stagger a tire/wheel public clockwise when transferring a tire stone to a outward of a circle rim.
  • Repeat these stairs for a middle bead.

3) Remove a tire vigour sensor bulb (see Figure 1).

4) Remove a sensor from a circle hole.

5) Remove a sensor grommet from a valve stem.


1) Clean any mud or waste from a grommet sealing areas. Install a grommet on a sensor valve stem.

2) Insert a sensor in a circle hole with a atmosphere thoroughfare confronting divided from a wheel.

3) Install a sensor nut, and position a sensor physique together to a inside circle aspect while tightening bulb to 62 in.-lbs. (7 N.m).

4) Before installing a tire on a wheel, note a following equipment to equivocate tire vigour sensor repairs on tire mounting:

  • Position a mounting/demounting conduct 180 degrees from a valve stem. Position a stone transition area 45 degrees counterclockwise of a valve stem.
  • Using a tire machine, stagger a tire/wheel public clockwise when transferring a tire stone to a inside of a circle rim.
  • Repeat these stairs for a outdoor bead.

5) Install a tire on a wheel. Install a tire/wheel public on a vehicle. Retrain a tire vigour sensor (see reset procedures).

NOTE: A use deputy tire vigour sensor is shipped in a OFF mode. In this mode, a sensor’s singular marker formula can't be schooled into a memory. The sensor contingency be taken out of OFF mode by spinning a tire/wheel public above 20 mph (32 km/h) for during slightest 10 seconds in sequence to tighten a sensor’s middle hurl switch.   

Torque specifications

Component                               Ft.-lbs. (N.m)

Wheel nut                                 100 (140)

                                                  In.-lbs. (N.m)

Tire vigour sensor nut           62 (7)

Information for this mainstay comes from Mitchell 1’s “Tire Pressure Monitoring Systems Guide” for domestic and import vehicles. Headquartered in Poway, Calif., Mitchell 1 has supposing peculiarity correct information solutions to a automotive attention for some-more than 80 years. For some-more information, revisit

To review some-more TPMS columns, see:

2011-2015 Chrysler Ram Pickups

Hyundai Sante Fe and Sante Fe Sport 2010-2016

Mercedes-Benz M Class 2006-2011

Nissan Pathfinder 2004-2012

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